History and Academic Excellence
The University of Naples Federico II is one of the oldest Universities in the world and one of the largest in Italy. It was founded in 1224 by an Imperial Decree issued by Federico II Hohenstaufen, Emperor of the Holy Roman Empire to which Naples belonged at the time. Over its long history, the University had among its teaching staff many notable professors including the philosophers St Thomas Aquinas and Giambattista Vico, the mathematician Renato Caccioppoli, the economists Antonio Genovesi and Francesco Saverio Nitti, the physicists Ettore Maiorana and Macedonio Melloni, the physicians Antonio Cardarelli, Domenico Cotugno and Vincenzo Monaldi, the volcanologist Giuseppe Mercalli to mention just a few. It counts among its graduates and Alumni three former Presidents of the Italian Republic.
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